b. 1934 Khoms, Libya – d.1998 Rome, Italy
A radical and charismatic figure, Mario Schifano was in the centre of the avant-garde social life of Rome; mixing with aristocrats, actors, crooks, writers and Rock ‘n Roll musicians. Eschewing his earlier ‘Monochrome’ paintings in the early 1960s Schifano started to bring in iconic ‘Pop’ advertising logos and text such as his ‘Coca-Cola’ and ‘Esso’ works and in 1962 exhibited alongside Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann at Sidney Janis Gallery in ‘The New Realists’ exhibition.
By 1968 inspired by the mass socialist movements which spread across Europe Schifano’s interest in social change and contemporary history was realised both in his film making tackling subjects such as the Vietnam War and particularly in his Compagni, compagni series. In this series, Communist motifs of the hammer and sickle and political slogans are spray painted boldly in black using templates- reminiscent of the banner and placards used in the protests. The rounded corners of the canvas, often covered with Plexiglas, resembled the frame of a slide producing a cinematic quality, with the lack of overt traditional artistic ability reflecting the democratic nature of the ideology. Using the same slogans calling for fairer solutions to social and political contradictions, he is inviting the viewer to react to the serialisation and mass utilisation of political mantra.